# TIN and TAE interest rates in Spain—what are they and how do they work?

Living in Spain and wanting to better understand bank loans? Read on to learn about TIN and TAE interest rates, and much more!
You might have heard the old saying, “there’s no such thing as a free lunch.” And while this may not prove true in all walks of life, when it comes to taking out loans, there’s likely no bank on the planet who will offer you one without charging interest. Simply defined, interest is the money we pay someone—say, a bank—in order to borrow “their” money. The “price” we pay for this money is called the interest rate. Both types of interest rates are validated by the Bank of Spain: TIN—Tipo de Interés Nominal—and TAE— La Tasa Anual Equivalente. TIN, similar to a Nominal Interest Rate in English, is the fixed cost you pay in return for the money you borrow as agreed upon with your bank. TAE, on the other hand, is used to compare the actual cost of multiple loans. It includes bank fees, the loan term, and the loan’s TIN itself.If you’re considering applying for credit, opening a savings account, or simply want to know more about mortgages, personal loans, or consumer loans, you’re in the right place! So settle in and get ready to learn more about the key features of these two interest rates, their main differences, and the various types of loans on the market.

## What is a TIN?

The Tipo de Interés Nominal is the percentage a bank charges for lending money to their customers. It represents the actual cost of their loan over a certain period of time. However, this percentage doesn’t include fees or variable costs related to the repayment dates for the money borrowed. In a variable-rate mortgage, for example, banks calculate the monthly TIN by adding the Euribor rate to the bank’s differential rate.

## What is a TAE?

The La Tasa Anual Equivalente is used to quantify the true cost or yield of a particular loan. It’s calculated by adding up the loan’s TIN, the frequency of payments (which could be weekly, bi-monthly, monthly, quarterly, or annually), bank fees, and other costs related to the loan. It doesn’t factor in any fees the bank could charge after you take out a mortgage.

### Banking basics

Banking jargon can be confusing—but it doesn't have to be. Find simple explanations to popular banking terms.

Learn the basics

## The differences between TIN and TAE

As we’ve mentioned, in Spain, a TIN is an interest rate agreed upon between the bank and customer taking out the loan. Conversely, the TAE, helps customers gauge the entire cost independently of the loan’s terms. It’s calculated by taking into account variables like the number of installments, the bank's fees, the loan’s TIN, and cancellation or early repayment charges. This means that customers looking to take out a loan will need to consider the TIN amount of their loan to understand their loan’s interest rate, while also understanding how much their loan will cost altogether.

## Types of loans available in Spain

Now that we’ve covered the two types of interest, let’s look at the different types of loans available to customers in the Spanish market:
• Mortgages: This kind of loan is taken out by the customer to purchase a piece of real-estate such as a house, a business, or a piece of land. The repayment term tends to vary between 15 and 30 years, and may have a fixed, variable, or mixed interest rate depending on the contract.
• Student loans: While not so common in Spain, taking out student loans is very much the norm in the United States and the UK. Students who can’t get a study abroad scholarship can apply for a student loan to study elsewhere, or can use them to help fund their Bachelor’s, Master’s, or postgraduate degrees.
• Personal loans: These loans are common, and are used to finance specific purchases related to travel, renovations, and even weddings.
• Consumer loans: This type of loan is used for buying goods like vehicles, computers, furniture, and appliances.
We know how easy it is to get lost in financial jargon. So, if you’re contemplating taking out your first loan, we’ve put together a glossary of all the most important terms to help you out.
• Financial products: Money-related products you can use to save and invest.
• Fixed interest rate: An interest rate that is pre-agreed-upon with a bank and doesn’t vary based on the market.
• Variable interest rate: This type of interest rate either increases or decreases depending on the market. Here, the borrower and the lender agree to regularly revise the interest rate—normally once or twice per year—based on the Euribor or LIBOR.
• Mixed interest rate: An interest rate for a financial product comprised of both a fixed and variable rate.
• Euribor: This is the interest rate Eurozone banks apply to money they lend each other.
• LIBOR: The London InterBank Offered Rate (LIBOR) is the UK equivalent of Euribor.

### The bank you'll love

✓ 100% mobile ✓ No hidden fees ✓ No paperwork ✓ Free virtual Mastercard ✓ Free ATM withdrawals

Get started

No matter where you go, N26 makes going banking as easy as reaching for your smartphone. And with the N26 Smart bank account, N26 You—the international bank account—and the premium account N26 Metal, you can pay in any currency and make free ATM withdrawals while you’re abroad. Plus, N26 You and N26 Metal accounts both come with extensive travel insurance built right into your account, so you can travel with extra peace of mind.

## FAQ

• What is the TIN interest rate and how is it calculated?
• What does a 5% TAE mean?
• Which interest rate do I actually pay—TIN or TAE?

## Related Post

These might also interest you
Banking Basics

How to master your shared savings goals

From dream vacations to homeownership, here’s how to achieve It all with shared financial goals

Banking Basics

How inflation can deplete your hard-earned money, and ways to fight it

Inflation can take a toll on your money — if you let it. Here, we share strategies for fighting inflation, like investing and taking advantage of high-interest savings accounts.