Hands holding Bitcoin coins.

The pros and cons of cryptocurrency: A guide for new investors

Find out what the pros and cons of cryptocurrency are

9 min read

The following statements do not constitute investment advice or any other advice on financial services, financial instruments, financial products, or digital assets. They are intended to provide general information. The following statements do not constitute an offer to conclude a contract for the purchase or sale of financial instruments and financial products or an invitation to submit such an offer and to buy or sell any particular digital asset. Cryptocurrencies are subject to high fluctuations in value. A decline in value or a complete loss are possible at any time. The loss of access to data and passwords can also lead to a complete loss.


  • Pros: Cryptocurrencies are supported by secure, decentralized blockchain technology, independent of traditional banking systems. They operate 24/7, and market volatility can mean a chance of greater returns.
  • Cons: Cryptocurrencies often see extreme price fluctuations. There’s a steep learning curve, and it can be tough to scale widely.
  • Despite the potential for high rewards, it’s still uncertain whether cryptocurrencies will stay viable in the long term. There are also security vulnerabilities that may pose significant risks, especially to new investors.

Cryptocurrencies have the potential to reshape the financial world as we know it, and to question the very existence of traditional financial infrastructure. But what are the pros and cons of cryptocurrencies? How do you decide which one to invest in—or whether to invest at all?

If you’re a little confused by cryptocurrencies, don’t worry. We’re here to break down the advantages and disadvantages of cryptocurrency, so you can learn everything you need to know. And if you’re still stuck, check out our guide to Cryptocurrencies for Beginners.

Cryptocurrency Explained in 26 Seconds

6 advantages of cryptocurrency

While cryptocurrencies are a relatively recent invention (Bitcoin, for example, started up in 2009), they’re definitely here to stay, with all their benefits. From prospects of hefty returns to 24/7 trading on ultra-secure, transparent infrastructure, the world of crypto has plenty to offer—if you know how to tap into it.

1. High risk—and the potential for high rewards

There are more than 10,000 cryptocurrencies on the market today and each one has its own particular quirks. But all cryptocurrencies have a few things in common—like their tendency to experience sudden spikes (and drops) in value. Prices are driven primarily by the supply of coins from miners and the demand for them by purchasers. And these supply-demand dynamics can result in hefty returns. The price of Ethereum, for example, roughly doubled from July 2021 to December 2021—quite the payday for investors who got on board at the right time. The high risk, however, became apparent shortly afterwards when the Ether price fell below €1,000 – representing a reduction of over 70% since Christmas 2021.

2. The blockchain technology underlying cryptocurrency is inherently secure 

Some of the major benefits of cryptocurrencies aren’t linked to the currencies themselves, but to the infrastructure that supports them. That’s the blockchain—the decentralized data-storage ledger that tracks every transaction undertaken on it. Once you make an entry in the blockchain, it can never be erased. And with the blockchain stored decentrally across multiple computers, no hacker can access the entire chain in one go; any information stored in it is safe for good.

Crypto so easy

Learn the basics, and get the information, tools, and resources you need to get started with crypto
Read more
Crypto asset.

3. Bye bye traditional banks—hello to a fairer, more transparent financial system

By and large, our financial system revolves around third-party intermediaries who process transactions. This means that if you make a transaction, you’re placing your trust in one or more of these intermediaries—and the recession of the early 2000s made a lot of people wonder if that was a good idea. The blockchain and cryptocurrencies offer an alternative. They can be viewed by anyone, anywhere, so you can take part in the financial markets and make transactions with no intermediaries whatsoever.

4. Crypto trades around the clock

Another advantage that cryptocurrencies have over banks is that the crypto markets are always open. With coins being mined and transactions being recorded around the clock, you don’t have to wait for the NYSE, NASDAQ or any other exchange to start trading for the day if you want to buy, sell, or trade crypto. This has made such an impact that regular stock exchanges are looking into the option of trading stocks outside of regular banking hours as well—although that might still be some way off. So, for investors who are on the go 24/7, crypto might be the best way to generate returns outside of normal working hours.

5. Cryptocurrencies could help investors beat inflation

Cryptocurrencies aren’t tied to a single currency or economy, so their price reflects global demand rather than, say, national inflation. But what about inflation of cryptocurrencies themselves? As an investor you can rest easy, for the most part. The number of coins is capped, so the amount available can’t spiral out of control, thus, no inflation. Some coins (like Bitcoin) have an overall cap, others (like Ethereum) have an annual cap, but either way, this approach keeps inflation at bay.

6. Accessibility and Financial Inclusion:

Cryptocurrencies have the potential to provide financial services to the unbanked and underbanked populations around the world. With just a smartphone and internet access, anyone can participate in the global financial system, opening up opportunities for economic empowerment and inclusion.

6 disadvantages of cryptocurrency

So that’s a lot of glitter, but is the outlook for cryptocurrencies really so golden? Let’s take a look at some of the drawbacks. Some are easily resolved, others less so—but it always pays to keep them in mind.

1. Understanding cryptocurrency takes time and effort

Cryptocurrencies can take a while to get your head around. If you’re not a digital native, the concept of cryptocurrency (let alone the blockchain) can feel anything but second nature. And trying to invest in something you don’t really understand is itself a risk. There are plenty of online resources available to help you (including N26’s blog series on crypto), but you’ll still need to dedicate some time to truly understand the pros and cons of investing in cryptocurrency.

2. Cryptocurrencies can be an extremely volatile investment

While the price of a cryptocurrency can spike to dizzying highs (with associated benefits for investors!) they can also crash to terrifying lows just as quickly. So if you’re looking to make stable returns, this might not be the best bet. The cryptocurrency market fundamentally thrives on speculation, and its relatively small size makes it more vulnerable to price fluctuations. That in turn can wreak havoc with the value of coins—one of the major disadvantages of cryptocurrency.

3. Cryptocurrencies haven’t proven themselves as a long-term investment—yet

While cryptocurrencies have become widely known and are still gaining in popularity, it’s worth remembering that they have only been around for just over a decade. The concept only really emerged with the publication of a white paper on Bitcoin in 2008. Stock markets, in contrast, can look back on centuries of history. The London Stock Exchange, for example, was founded in 1801. Gold has been a proven custodian of value for millennia. But cryptocurrencies? Nobody really knows what will happen to cryptocurrencies in the future—and you need to be brave to enter these uncharted waters as an investor.

4. Crypto has serious scalability issues

You could be forgiven for thinking that digital currencies operate at lightning speed—and they do, up to a point. But at a certain level they run into major issues which make it difficult to roll them out on a large scale. Cryptocurrency providers themselves admit this is an issue, with the people behind Ethereum saying that the blockchain has reached “certain capacity limitations” that slow the rate at which transactions can be processed. This can be a frustrating experience for transaction participants, to say nothing of the potential financial losses it can cause.

5. Crypto newbies are vulnerable to security risks

Cryptocurrencies might not have the risks that come with using central intermediaries, but that doesn’t mean they’re completely free from security issues. As a crypto owner, you could lose the private key that lets you access your coins—and with it, all your holdings. And then there’s hacking, phishing, and all the other attempts to gain control by malicious means. This is something that seasoned investors keep an eye out for, but newer investors are more likely to be vulnerable to these kinds of traps.

6. The rules and regulations aren’t set in stone

The regulatory landscape around cryptocurrencies is still evolving, with different countries and jurisdictions implementing varying regulations. This uncertainty can be challenging for investors and businesses operating in the cryptocurrency space, as they navigate compliance requirements and potential legal risks.

Discover N26 Metal

Experience premium banking with a metal Mastercard, priority support & exclusive benefits.
Get N26 Metal (new tab)
N26 Metal card.

What is the best cryptocurrency to invest in?

There’s no one cryptocurrency that’s substantially better than all the others. It comes down to personal preference, but there are things that you might like to look out for. Think about your individual risk tolerance; can you stand to lose a substantial chunk of your investment if your chosen coin plummets in value? Are you using the coin solely to generate returns, or are you hoping to pay for things with it, too? Is it just about the money, or are you looking to invest in a coin with a broader social or environmental impact? One easy approach is simply to pick the market leader, Bitcoin. It’s the original cryptocurrency and the one which has built up the largest information base as well.

What are the pros and cons of Bitcoin?

Bitcoin, which trades under the abbreviation BTC, comes with a host of benefits. It’s capped at 21 million coins, it’s guaranteed to be inflation-proof, and its headline-grabbing prices certainly offer investors scope for reaping rewards. And Bitcoin is the most widely accepted cryptocurrency for payments. Of course, it has its drawbacks. Bitcoin’s blockchain infrastructure starts to slow down once it exceeds a rate of seven transactions per second (a real issue when you consider that Visa processes around 1,700 transactions per second!). And because it’s the best-known cryptocurrency of them all, it’s a key target for hackers and scammers of all stripes. For more insight about Bitcoin, check out our article What is Bitcoin?.

What else should I know before trading cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrencies can be a minefield for new investors. From unfamiliar terminology to complex technology, it’s a topic that takes some getting used to. As with everything, trading cryptocurrencies comes with benefits and risks, but N26 is here to help. Whether you want to pay for everyday essentials with Bitcoin or use another coin to beef up your investment portfolio, we can show you all the pros and cons of cryptocurrency.

Cryptocurrencies with N26

N26 has an array of resources to help you understand the latest developments in the world of finance. From Cryptocurrencies for Beginners to the details of What is a Crypto Wallet?, N26 is by your side every step of the way, empowering you to make reasoned financial decisions backed by reliable information.

How do cryptocurrency transactions work?

Cryptocurrency transactions happen through a digital currency exchange (DCE), also known as an exchange. This service is provided by different online companies. You can use various payment methods, such as credit cards or transferring funds, to purchase cryptocurrencies. You can then sell your crypto or use it to buy other cryptocurrencies on these platforms.

What are the key benefits of cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrencies offer transparency and freedom from traditional financial infrastructures and have the potential for dazzling investment returns.

What are the advantages of cryptocurrency mining?

The main advantage is that cryptocurrency miners receive crypto in the currency they're mining. For some miners, it's also exciting to participate in decentralized finance.

How do I weigh up the pros and cons of each cryptocurrency?

It’s all about personal preference—your appetite for risk, plus what you’re really hoping to achieve from a crypto investment.

Find similar stories

By N26

Love your bank

Related articles

These might also interest you
Crypto wallet.

What is a crypto wallet?

A crypto wallet is a secure, digital wallet for your cryptocurrency. Learn how to choose and set up your first crypto wallet with this beginner’s guide.

Hands holding Bitcoin coins.

What is a blockchain?

Blockchain technology is at the heart of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. Here’s how blockchain works to build a secure digital ledger of crypto transactions.

illustration showing three icons representing three cryptocurrencies.

What is a crypto token?

Crypto tokens are a central part of the crypto universe—but what is a crypto token, and how do they work? Discover the answers to these questions and more.